Arrondissements of ParisThe city of Paris is divided into tw

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Arrondissements of ParisThe city of Paris is divided into tw

Post  jancancook on Wed Dec 15, 2010 10:41 am

The city of Paris is divided into twenty arrondissements municipaux administrative districts, more simply referred to as arrondissements (pronounced [aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃] in French). These are not to be confused with departmental arrondissements, which subdivide the one hundred French départements. The word "arrondissement", when applied to Paris, refers almost always to the municipal arrondissements listed below. The number of the arrondissement is indicated by the last two digits in most Parisian postal codes (75001 up to 75020).
Contents
[hide]

* 1 Description
* 2 History
o 2.1 Before 1860
o 2.2 After 1860
* 3 See also
* 4 External links

[edit] Description

The twenty arrondissements are arranged in the form of a clockwise spiral, starting in the middle of the city, with the first on the Right Bank (north bank) of the Seine. The French cities of Lyon and Marseille are also subdivided in this way.
Par Arr.jpg
About this image

The list below indicates Right Bank (R) or Left Bank (L) (the islands Île de la Cité and Île Saint-Louis being in the 4e, and partly the 1er, arrondissements):
Arrondissement Name Area (in km²) Population
(March 1999 census) Population
(July 2005 estimate) Density (2005)
(inh. per km²) Peak of population
1st R Louvre 1.826 16,888 17,700 9,693 before 1861
2nd R Bourse 0.992 19,585 20,700 20,867 before 1861
3rd R Temple 1.171 34,248 35,100 29,974 before 1861
4th R Hôtel-de-Ville 1.601 30,675 28,600 17,864 before 1861
5th L Panthéon 2.541 58,849 60,600 23,849 1911
6th L Luxembourg 2.154 44,919 45,200 20,984 1911
7th L Palais-Bourbon 4.088 56,985 55,400 13,552 1926
8th R Élysée 3.881 39,314 38,700 9,972 1891
9th R Opéra 2.179 55,838 58,500 26,847 1901
10th R Enclos-St-Laurent 2.892 89,612 88,800 30,705 1881
11th R Popincourt 3.666 149,102 152,500 41,598 1911
12th R Reuilly 16.324¹
6.377² 136,591 138,300 21,687² 1962
13th L Gobelins 7.146 171,533 181,300 25,371 20055
14th L Observatoire 5.621 132,844 134,700 23,964 1954
15th L Vaugirard 8.502 225,362 232,400 27,335 1962
16th R Passy 16.305³
7.8464 161,773 149,500 19,0544 1962
17th R Batignolles-Monceau 5.669 160,860 160,300 28,277 1954
18th R Butte-Montmartre 6.005 184,586 188,700 31,424 1931
19th R Buttes-Chaumont 6.786 172,730 187,200 27,586 20055
20th R Ménilmontant 5.984 182,952 191,800 32,052 1936

Notes:
1. With the Bois de Vincennes
2. Without the Bois de Vincennes
3. With the Bois de Boulogne
4. Without the Bois de Boulogne
5. 2005 is the year of the most recent official estimate; population of these arrondissements may still be growing

Each arrondissement is subdivided administratively into four quartiers. Paris thus has eighty quartiers administratifs, each containing a police station. For a table giving the names of the eighty quartiers, see fr:Quartiers administratifs de Paris.
[edit] History
[edit] Before 1860
Map showing the twelve old arrondissements. The surrounding grey area shows the size of Paris after the expansion in 1860.

On 11 October 1795, Paris was divided into twelve arrondissements. They were numbered from west to east, with numbers 1-9 situated on the Right Bank of the Seine, and 10-12 on the Left Bank.

Each arrondissement was subdivided into four quartiers, which corresponded to the 48 original districts created in 1790.
[edit] After 1860

On 1 January 1860, new territory was defined to be within the city by Napoleon III. The previous twelve arrondissements were rearranged with this new territory to become the present twenty.

In references to historical records (where it is important to distinguish between the old and new systems), the old arrondissements are indicated by following the number with the term ancienne ("old") (e.g. 2ème ancienne or 7ème anc.).

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